Scientific Program 

Plenary Speakers 

Plenary Talks 

The following distinguished personalities have agreed to deliver plenary talks at the opening ceremony:


"The Rise of Exaflood Optics"

George Gilder, President of Gilder Publishing, LLC, Chair of George Gilder/Forbes Telecosm Conference 


The Rise of Exaflood Optics
Optics is now in its exaflood stage: with hundreds of exabytes of data swarming around worldwide webs of glass and light. An exabyte is 10 to the 18th, a billion gigabytes, a million billion big books of text or fifty thousand textual Libraries of Congress, enough to satisfy the reading needs of the world’s population for a century. Or one exabyte is just a hundred million high definition movies, hardly enough to satisfy a million teenagers for a year. For the past two decades has raged a war between the rise of Exaflood optics with its video tides and the persistence of a communications infrastructure based on vocal and textual trickles. The trickleware has all gone mobile and wireless. Today the planetary utility of optical glass increasingly carries high definition images, virtual worlds, games, and telephonic telepresence, in a global sensorium, pushing the system toward the Zettabyte era of 10 to 21st. This requires a new optical architecture. It’s first manifestations are inclement and cloudy for the industry. Most optics companies are following an uncreative, modular strategy, fitting components into existing systems.  The real opportunity in optics is to create entirely new systems that adapt to a new age of optical entanglement appropriate to the age of telepresence. Don't solve problems, pursue opportunities.


George Gilder is the founder and president of Gilder Publishing, a technology research and consulting company specializing in telecom and semiconductors. A consultant to America’s leading technologists in business and academia for nearly three decades, he offers expertise in fiber-optic, wireless, networking, and semiconductor technologies, including network processors, memory chips, FPGAs, ASICs, imagers, WDM, CDMA, Wi-Fi, WiMax, fab equipment and processes, media processors, analog and mixed-signal chips, data and storage centers, and user interface technology.
 Gilder also hosts the Gilder Telecosm Forum, an online community where hundreds of investors, entrepreneurs, engineers and money managers gather daily to share investment advice and debate technology, investing, economics, politics and finance.

A graduate of Harvard University, Gilder co-authored The Party That Lost Its Head, and served as a speechwriter for Nelson Rockefeller, George Romney, and Richard Nixon. In the 1970s, Gilder began an excursion into the causes of poverty, resulting in his books Men and Marriage (1972); Visible Man (1978); and Wealth and Poverty (1981). His later investigation into wealth creation led to a deeper examination of the lives of entrepreneurs, culminating in The Spirit of Enterprise (1986) and Microcosm (1989). A subsequent book, Life After Television, was a prelude to his book on the future of telecommunications, Telecosm (2000).

In his latest book, The Silicon Eye (2005), Gilder shares his inside knowledge of Silicon Valley and illustrates how the unpredictable mix of genius, drive, and luck that can turn a startup into a Fortune 500 company. 

"The Coming Capacity Crunch"

Andrew Chraplyvy,
Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent


Over the past 20 years, principally enabled by wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM), fiber-optic transport capacities have been growing exponentially. As a result of world-wide R&D in the optical communications field, the capacity per fiber has increased at a rate of 100 every 10 years reaching 32 Terabits/second in recent research demonstrations and several Terabits/second in commercial systems. Associated with this remarkable growth was an important reduction in the cost per transmitted bit and also in the power consumption per bit.

 Because the transmission capacity of optical fibers was seemingly limitless, the unabated exponential growth of demand was viewed as lucrative business opportunities by carriers, service providers, and equipment manufacturers alike. However recent information-theoretic studies have concluded that the capacity of conventional fiber optic systems is not as limitless as had been thought, and in fact that the "end" could be in sight. Scientists and engineers are now struggling to squeeze the last few doublings of capacity out of optical fibers using a variety of techniques, in particular by implementing complex modulation formats. But what then?


Andrew Chraplyvy received the B.A. degree in physics from Washington University in St. Louis, and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. He is Optical Transport Networks Research Vice President at Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent. Dr. Chraplyvy is a Bell Labs Fellow, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, and a Fellow of the IEEE.

© Jacqueline Godany

"Quantum Information: The next frontier"

Prof. Anton Zeilinger, Vienna University


For a long time the conceptually challenging predictions of quantum physics for individual experiments have been the issue of such bizarre discussions as Schrödinger’s cat gedanken experiment.

There, quantum superposition would imply the co-existence of the states of a live cat and a dead cat, quantum randomness would imply the fundamental unpredictability of the results of an observation of the cat's real and factual properties, and entanglement means that the state of the cat, dead or alive, is entangled with the state of an radioactive atom.

Interestingly these same concepts, randomness, superposition, and entanglement, have become cornerstone concepts in a new quantum information technology. The most important applications are quantum cryptography, quantum computation, and quantum teleportation.

Quantum cryptography permits the encoding of confidential information in a way that its security against eavesdropping is guaranteed by the laws of physics. A quantum computer would be able to operate in a quantum superposition of many different states thus enabling exponential speedup for some problems. Quantum teleportation allows transferring directly the quantum state of an individual system onto a distant one thus providing an ideal way for quantum computers to communicate with each other.


In the 1970s, Anton Zeilinger started his work on the foundations of quantum mechanics in Vienna with neutron interferometry. These experiments included confirmation of such phenomena as the sign change of a neutron's quantum state upon rotation, precision tests of the linearity of the Schrödinger equation, and many other fundamental tests.
Going beyond single-particle phenomena, Zeilinger became interested in quantum entanglement, where his most significant contribution is the discovery of what is today called “GHZ states” and their experimental realization. These were the first instances of multi-particle entanglement ever investigated. Such states have become essential in fundamental tests of quantum mechanics and in quantum information science.
Since then, Zeilinger has performed many experiments with entangled photons, including quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography, all-optical one-way quantum computation and a number of quantum gates.
In single-particle interference, he has performed a number of experiments in atom interferometry and in quantum interference of large molecules, like C60 and C70. These included very detailed studies of quantum decoherence.

The most important stages in the career of Anton Zeilinger include the Technical University of Vienna, M.I.T., the Technical University of Munich, the University of Innsbruck, the Collége de France, the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences. He is currently Professor of Physics at the University of Vienna and Scientific Director at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information IQOQI of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.



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